Understanding and raising your credit score



People are always talking about the importance of a good credit score, but what exactly is a credit score? In short, your credit score “is a statistical method to determine the likelihood of an individual paying back the money he or she has borrowed.” In other words, it’s a grade given to your credit worthiness.


Your credit score determines the loans you can be approved for and the interest rate you pay on them. For example, if you have a score of 780 you will likely get the best mortgage rate possible, let’s say 4%. If you have a lower credit score, like 620 you might end up paying 4.75% Over time, the difference in rate could end up costing you over $25K by the time you payoff your mortgage.


But it goes beyond that. Some landlords use credit scores to determine who they’re going to rent to. If you have a low score you might be considered a risk so you may be asked to put down a larger security deposit. Your credit score can affect almost anything from your car insurance premiums to the cell phone plan you can get.


To get the lowest rates and most benefits, you must work to reach and maintain an excellent credit score. I’ve included an easy breakdown of credit scores below:

  • Bad credit – 600 or lower

  • Poor credit – 600 – 649

  • Fair or average credit – 650 – 699

  • Good credit – 700 – 749

  • Excellent credit – 750 or higher


If you have a bad credit score do not despair. Your score is not permanent and can be raised over time. In general, credit scores are based on five factors.


Payment History

Generally considered the most important factor when calculating your credit score is your payment history. It accounts for roughly 35% of your rating, which (as you’ll soon learn) is the most weighted factor in determining your score. In very basic terms, this is an evaluation of whether you make your monthly payments on time and in full. The best thing you can do to raise your credit worthiness is to consistently make your payments on time, if not early.


Naturally, the next question is what to do if you can’t avoid being late. If you’re a few days late or a week likely it won’t be a huge deal to your creditor, but if you get all the way to 90 days and end up delinquent it’s going to have a serious effect on your credit score. If your payment gets marked as delinquent it can stay on your credit score for up to seven years.


Some companies won’t report a late payment until sixty days have gone by, but most will mark your credit score after thirty days. That derogatory mark on your credit could drop your score by up to 110 points. If you’re shopping for a house or car that will severely affect the interest rate you’ll be offered or even your ability to qualify.


If you’re behind on a payment and don’t immediately have the ability to make a payment, we recommend you contact your creditor to see if they can offer you any type of leniency.


Utilization

The next biggest factor is the amount you owe and your utilization rate. Your utilization rate is the amount of credit you use, compared with your limit and makes up approximately 30% of your credit score. For example, if you have a $5,000 limit on your card and you use $4,500, you have a utilization rate of 90%.

This is the single biggest issue we personally see at Olive Branch. Many consumers are 60-90% utilized, putting them in a difficult position when they try to refinance the debt.


Credit companies want ensure that you’re going to be able to repay the new debt they extend to you, in addition to your current obligations. In general, a good utilization rate is about 30%. That means only spending up to $1,500 a month on a card with a $5,000 limit. If you can keep your utilization down to around 10% you’ll see a positive effect on your credit score.


You can also lower your utilization by increasing the limit on your card. If you do that, ensure you don’t increase your spending with the increased limit!


Credit Age

Creditors and financial institutions want to see you have a long history of paying your bills. Think of it like you’re hiring a doctor, are you more likely to hire the one with a year of experience or ten years? The longer you’ve had accounts open with positive utilization and payment history, the better your score will look. Your credit card history makes up roughly 15% of your score.


Credit Mix

Creditors want to see what kinds of credit you have. For example, a car loan, home equity loan, credit cards. They want to see that you’re able to maintain and pay different sorts of credit. Your credit mix makes up 10% of your score.


New Credit

Each time you apply for a loan or a new credit card those hard inquiries show on your credit report. Most creditors view a high volume of credit inquires as a risk; it also could indicate that you already took out a new loan that’s not yet reporting. New credit inquiries make up 10% of your score. Don’t be afraid to stop around for a loan, but try to use lenders who use a soft check so you can see your options before agreeing to a hard check.


In summary, the most powerful ways you can increase your credit score are by paying your accounts on time and in full, and utilizing less than 30% of your available limit. If you have no credit or are credit challenged, consider getting a secured credit card to increase your score. A secured credit card is connected to a bank account with a set amount of money that acts as collateral in case you can’t pay your bill.


There are number of ways to check your credit score. Here are a couple of free ones:

Credit Sesame and Credit Karma.

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Save Source LLC is a debt settlement company that operates in some but not all states in the United States, Save Source LLC does not accept any clients who do not meet with a consultant for an in-person consultation. If you reside in a state where we do not accept clients in, we may be able to refer you to another company for assistance. 

Save Source LLC negotiates unsecured debts on behalf of its clients and does not assume any of its clients’ debts, make any monthly payments to creditors on our clients’ behalf, or give clients tax, bankruptcy, accounting, or legal advice. We do not provide credit repair services. Please contact a tax professional to discuss potential tax consequences associated with settling debts for less than the full balance. Please read and understand all of Save Source LLC's Program requirements and Save Source LLC's service agreement before enrolling into Save Source LLC's Program.

Save Source LLC is not a debt relief agency pursuant to the Bankruptcy Abuse Protection and Consumer Protection Act of 2005, 11 U.S.C. 101, et. seq., and does not provide bankruptcy assistance to consumers. 


The use of debt settlement services will likely adversely affect your creditworthiness, may result in the balances of your enrolled debts increasing due to the accrual of legal fees and interest on your accounts and you being subject to collections actions or lawsuits brought by your creditors. The settlements we negotiate on behalf of our clients resolve the entire account, including all accrued interest and fees. We cannot guarantee that we will resolve your debts and results will vary based on your individual circumstances.